"Sleeping Dragon of Longzhong"
Member No.: 41
Joined: 8-July 05
Written By Ryan Roguska
Style:Kongming or Kong-ming
Titles:Great Commander–in–Chief, Prime Minister, Lord of Wu Xiang, Loyal and Martial Lord
Bio: (Quick Family tree)
Father: Zhuge Gui
Uncle: Zhuge Xuan
Brothers:Zhuge Jin, Zhuge Jun
Wife:Huang Yue Ying
Adopted Son:Zhuge Qiao
Grandsons:Zhuge Pan, Zhuge Shang, Zhuge Jing
Nephews: Zhuge Ke, Zhuge Rong
Grand Nephews:Zhuge Zhuo, Zhuge Song, Zhuge Jian
(Family Tree found from www.google.com)
(All Information comes from Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong Brewitt Taylor ver, and Moss Roberts Ver, Chen Shou's writings, and Kongming.net <-- Where I got his family tree and titles. NOTE: None of this is copy and pasted)
Zhuge Liang was born on the year 181, shortly before the Yellow Turban rebellion. He was the middle child of Zhuge Gui, his older brother was Zhuge Jin (who later joined Wu) and his little brother was Zhuge Jun (joined Shu shortly after Zhuge Liang). After Zhuge Gui died, Jin, Liang, and Jun lived with there Uncle Zhuge Xuan. They moved to the Central Plains where he was a student of Sima Hui, with the classmates of Xu Shu and Pang Tong. He was given the Taoist Name "Sleeping Dragon" And it was said that whomsoever has the Sleeping Dragon or the Fledgling Phoenix (Pang Tong) would unite the land. When Zhuge Xuan died, Kongming moved to Longzhong, Jing.
Kongming lived with Zhuge Jun till Xu Shu; Liu Bei's strategist was forced to leave do to Cao Cao holding his mother hostage. Xu Shu recommended seeing the great mind Zhuge Liang at Longzhong, near Sleeping Dragon Valley. Bei went with Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, the first visit Liang was away and the servant girl said he will be back soon. A few days later they returned, this time Zhuge Jun was home. Jun said his brother wasn’t here. So, Bei asked for a piece of paper and he wrote his desires for the land. Liang saw this and was touched. Bei came later and Liang was there, sleeping on his couch. After waiting for a few hours Liang awoke and was embarrass that he had slept while someone had waited for him. After a talk Liang joined Liu Bei and left his handmaid in charge of his home.
With Zhuge Kongming, Liu Bei repelled Cao Cao's southern advance several times. Liang advice taking Jing from Liu Biao, but Bei said he would never take the land of a relative and stormed out, this made Liang even more loyal to Liu Bei.
After Biao died, his wife made Liu Zong, the second son of Biao the heir instead of Liu Qi, the rightful Heir. Zong surrendered to Cao and Bei had to retreat. Bei took all the people who didn't want to go by Cao's rule with him, making the travel harder. Thanks to the efforts of Zhang Fei, Zhao Yun, and Wei Yan (he held of Zongs forces and then withdrew to Chang Sha) they managed to get to Jiang Xia safely. Zhuge Liang went to Wu and beat 10 advisors in a battle of words before seeing Sun Quan. Liang convinced him that he should team up with Bei to help repel Cao. So, Quan appointed Zhou Yu as Grand General for the battle.
Liang and Zhou Yu came up with the same decision to use fire against Cao. The strategies went as thus. Pang Tong came out of hiding and joined Cao. He told Cao to chain his ships together to prevent sea sickness, do to most of his army where northerners, not used to sea travel. So Cao did and then Tong went to escape when he ran into a man with a wooden comp on his long hair. Tong was saddened that he had been caught but then the man said that he was Xu Shu, and though he knew or his plan he would not tell, so he let Tong escape, unscathed. Liang set up an alter and prayed for wind. Soon a southeast wind blew. Zhou Yu then beat Huang Gai and then Huang faked surrender. Gai loaded his ships with straw and rammed into Cao's fleet, setting it ablaze, the chains making it spread, Wind making it not go to the allied forces ships and making it stronger.
Zhou Yu became jealous of Liang, and scorned him with tasks like the 200 arrows. Liang had to get 200 arrows in three days with no supplies so make them. Yu that this would be the perfect task so when Liang failed he could execute him. Liang waited till the third day when he got 12 (or 20) boats and road into the fog and near Caos shores. Cao launched arrows into the thick wooded boats and they stuck to them. Liang sailed off and then Cao realized he had been doped. Liang got back and had precisely 200 arrows. This made Yu Angry. Yu was later shot with an arrow and a doctor told him to not stress himself out or the wound would reopen. Liang tricked Yu three times, one of which was the marriage of Sun Shang Xiang and Liu Bei. Sun Quan and Yu plotted to kill Liu Bei and Quan told his mother Lady Wu about the plot. Lady Wu yelled at Quan and said "You would sacrifice your sister for this man! You would dishonor her and no man would ever come near her!" Quan was distraught but then Zhou Yu talked to Lady Wu and then she said "If he is unworthy you may kill him, if he is, you must not hurt him". So then Bei was invited to a banquet, Yu and Quan had placed soldiers with axes in the room well hidden from sight. But lady Wu saw great virtue and grew To like Bei very quickly. Zhou Yu didn’t give up and attempted to kill Bei anyway, but Liang saw though this ahead of time and Bei and Shang Xiang laughed as there boat sped away from Zhou Yus fleet. Then after the third time, He wound was grievous and he named Lu Su his heir and he died. Liang went into Wu territory and mourned for the death of Zhou Yu, gaining Wus respect.
After the battle, When Bei conquered the four districts and Jiang Ling, Liu Bei got a call to Shu, it seemed that Zhang Lu of Han Zhong intended on attacking Liu Zhang. So, Bei went and was given charge of Zi Tong to help protect his kinsmen Zhang. But, soon Zhang though that Bei was after his own land and started a war against him. So, Bei began to invade Yi and with Wei Yan and Huang Zhong he conquered most of it, along with one of his new strategists Pang Tong. Liang predicted the death of Pang Tong and sent a letter to him. Tong, thought this as an act of jealousy and went though with his plan. He got to an area and felt a bad vibe and asked a soldier who had betrayed Liu Zhang and joined Bei, what this place was called. The soldier said it was Fallen Phoenix Valley and Tong grew fearful and cause his Taoist name was Fledgling Phoenix, he started to retreat when Zhang Ren though he was Liu bee and shot him full of arrows, Tong died at 34(or 28). Liang ran out of his tent and yelled that the Tong had died. The officers in the camp didn’t take this seriously so they ignored him. A few days later a letter came telling them of Tongs death. The soldiers were amazed that Liang’s prediction had come true, making Liang even more famous.
Later, after the events at Fan Castle, Bei lead a campaign against Wu in revenge for Guan Yu's and Zhang Fei's death's, Liang and Zhao Yun opposed and didn’t go with them, and Bei lost at Yi Ling, Soon after Bei had a dream with Yi'de (Zhang Fei) and Yunchang (Guan Yu) that they were calling him. Bei fell ill and on Liu Beis death bed, He told Liang to help his son Shan to rule over Shu. Then he whispered to Liang that if Shan proved incompetent he could rule. Liang said he would never take over the rule of the Kingdom of which his lord Liu had ruled. So Liang was made the Prime Minister and was in charge of all Shu government and Campaigns, after he became Prime Minister, the Imperial Uncle Liu Bei died.
Shortly after, the southern Nanman tribes rebelled against Shu, Liang went to the aid of the Prefect Lu Kai and his sabordinate Wang Fang, and began his southern campaign. Liang tricked the Nanman King Meng Huo several times, and killing his officers like King Dhuosi, King Wu Tugu with Juggernauts, King Mulu, and others, when he was caught the seventh time with his Wife Zhu Rong, His cousin Daiali Dongzhu and his Brother Meng You, Huo was released his seventh time, he cried and said, "Though I am a barbarian, am not without Honor!" So he crawled on all fours to Liang’s tent and asked for surrender, Liang cried and said "I am glad you have came to reason, Illustris King!", so Meng Huo then surrendered to Shu. Liang gave all the lands of the Nanman back to them with no foreign government, earning there trust completely.
At Tian Shui, Liang made the prodigy Jiang Wei surrender to Shu and Wei was made his apprentice along with Liang’s other apprentice Ma Su. Liang warned Ma Su to not set up camp on the mountain. But, Su did and it lead to the lose of Tian Shui, and the northern Campaign. Zhuge Liang mourned for Ma Su at his execution, and when Ma Su's head came in he wailed loudly and the officers said "Why do you mourn for a man you killed?" Liang answered "I mourn for Shu has lost a valuable ally! If only he had chosen to listen to his officer!" The Head of Ma Su was shown around camp and then sowed back on and he was given a proper burial. Wang Ping was promoted, and Liang took in Ma Su's family.
His second Campaign was a failure do to the long time it took for Li Yans supplies to reach them. For this Li Yan was striped of rank and his son, Li Feng, took his place.
The Third Campaign was similar along with the Fourth; however Shu won an important victory during the fourth campaign against Wei. One of the Five Wei Generals, Zhang He, was fooled by Zhuge Liang into a trap, where he was hailed with arrows and body was described as ‘A Hedgehog with to many quills’. With the death of Zhang He, Wei’s main defense against Shu was slowly crumbling, with only Sima Yi as the main threat. In the Fifth Liang was ill, it seemed that going to battle so much had shortened his like so he set up a candle formation and said "If all the candle's go out by the end of the fifth day, then I am to die." Four days later all the candles were still burning and Liang was happy. Whilst talking to Jiang Wei in his tent Wei Yan ran in saying that Sima Yi was advancing and he tripped over the candle formation and they went out a little more then a few minutes of the Fifth day. Jiang said to execute Yan but Liang sighed and said "My fate is my fate, There is no escaping It." and he pardoned Yan. He died at Wu Zhang Yuan (or Wu Zhang Plains), leaving his 24 manuals of strategy to Jiang Wei. He died at the age of 54, almost exactly 30 years later, Shu would fall to Wei.
When he died people wailed, Li Yan sobbed, he had hoped that Liang would give take him back into the army and his position. And an exiled Liao Li who was banished by Liang do to thinking he was Liang’s second and neglected the duties and slandered Liang. When word reached him of his death he said "Then, after all, I am but a barbarian."
The poet Yuan Wei-chih, wrote of his death along with Tu Fu and Po Chu-i. Tu Fu wrote,
A Bight star last night falling from the sky
this message gave, "the Master is no more."
No more in camps shall bold men tramp at his command,
At court no statesmen e'er will fill the place he held
At home, his clients miss there patron kind
Calm was his bosom, full of strategy,
But lastly fared we to the wood's green shade
To hail him victor; hushed that song for him
And Po-Chu-i wrote
Within the forest, dim the master lived obscure,
Till, Thrice returning, there the king his mentor met.
As when a fish the ocean gains, desire was filled
Wholly; the dragon freed could soar aloft at will.
As kings on's guardian none more zealous was;
As minister, most loyally he wrought the court.
His war memorials still to us are left
And reading them, the tears of unconscious fall.
And lastly, Yuan Wei-chih wrote
He fought disorder, helped a failing king;
Most zealously he kept his masters son.
In state-craft he o'erpassed both Guan and Yo,
In war-craft he excelled both Sun and Wu.
With awe the court his was memorial heard,
With majesty his "Eight Arrays" were planned.
Good reader, and there's a virtue in your heart
You'll sigh to think that has has no peer.
Also, Du Fu, and Bai Juyi wrote of his death.
Du Fu wrote,
' The Star that dropped last night upon his camp
Announced to all: "The master fell this day."
No longer from his tent will orders flow;
The Hall of Fame will honor his success.
Three thousand followers left master less,
The hosts in his mind's eye denied their day.
Nor, in the green woods clear and sunlit,
Will Kongming's fine-voiced chants be heard again.
And Finally, Bai Juyi wrote,
Encased in the hills, the master hid his tracks;
By twist of fate a sage king sued three times.
Only in Nanyang could "fish" and "water" meet:
"The dragon flies to Heavenly Han - a wholesome rain."
To Liu Bei's heir Kongming gave zealous care;
Serving the state, he poured forth his loyal heart.
And still today his calls to war live on;
How many readers can restrain there tears?
Zhuge Liang was also a highly prestigious inventor. Some of his inventions include the repeating Crossbow, Zhuge Nu in Chinese. He also created Mantou, or landmine. Another of his popular invention was the Wood Ox and Floating Horse; a strange type of wheel barrel that from a distance looked like animal’s and tricked enemy forces. An early type of Air balloon named after him as well was invented called the ‘Kongming Lantern.’ He also wrote books in his spare time, two of which are still used today in modern warfare and tactics. These books are Kongmings 24-War Manuals and Mastering the Art of War which is usually read alongside of the Art of War, written by Famous strategist and Warlord, Sun Tzu. Zhuge Liang’s likeness and figure has been adapted into video games. Games like Romance of the Three Kingdoms have Zhuge Liang with the highest intelligence stat, and he has even been added to Dynasty Warriors, a Hack-And-Slash game that followed the Three Kingdoms timeline.[COLOR=green][COLOR=green]
This post has been edited by Zhuge Liang on Jan 19 2007, 07:21 PM