Kasama Threads > Glossary > dialectics

definition here

QUOTE |

According to the concept one divides into two , there are contradictions in everything. The two aspects of a contradiction depend on and struggle with each other, and this determines the life of all things. The natural world, society and man's thinking are full of contradictions and struggles, and there is no such thing as "combine two into one." Without contradiction, there would not be the natural world, society, and man's thinking; nothing would exist. Contradictions are present in all processes of things and permeate all processes from beginning to end, and promote the development of things. The constant emerging and resolving of contradictions -- this is the universal law of the development of things. Applying the concept one divides into two in examining socialist society, we have to recognize that throughout the entire historical period of socialism, there are classes, class contradictions and class struggle, there is the struggle between the two roads of socialism and capitalism, there is the danger of capitalist restoration, and there is the threat of subversion and aggression by imperialism and modern revisionism. To resolve these contradictions, we must strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat and steadfastly continue the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Even in a communist society, there will be contradictions and full of struggles between the new and the old, the advanced and the backward, and right and wrong. Only those who adhere to and apply this concept to guide revolutionary practices are thoroughgoing dialectical materialists. To deny the concept "one divides into two" means to deny the universality of contradiction and to betray materialist dialectics, and this inevitably leads to political betrayal of the proletarian revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat. The core of the theory "combine two into one" lies in merging contradictions, liquidating struggle, opposing revolution, combining the proletariat with the bourgeoisie, combining Marxism with revisionism, combining socialism with imperialism and social-imperialism. This out-and-out reactionary bourgeois idealist and metaphysical world outlook are diametrically opposed to the world outlook of one divides into two . |

The term "dialectic" denotes a specific type of relationship between a the whole and its various components. A dialectic relationship is opposed to a mechanical relationship, where the whole is equal to the sum of its parts.

Mathematically, a mechanical relationship can be conceived of as X+Y=Z. If we add 1 to X, this will result in the addition of 1 to Z.

But if X were part of Y, this would mean X, Y and Z are dialectically related. Any change to X would mean a change to Y as well. This can be represented in the equations X+A=Y, and X+Y=Z. Adding 1 to X would also add 1 to Y, in turn adding 2 to Z. Although this would still leave Y and X, and Y and Z in mechanical relationships.

A better example of a dialectic equation would be (A+AB/CB)(2AX/CY)/(C/4B)(A+BC/XY)=Z

Mathematically, a mechanical relationship can be conceived of as X+Y=Z. If we add 1 to X, this will result in the addition of 1 to Z.

But if X were part of Y, this would mean X, Y and Z are dialectically related. Any change to X would mean a change to Y as well. This can be represented in the equations X+A=Y, and X+Y=Z. Adding 1 to X would also add 1 to Y, in turn adding 2 to Z. Although this would still leave Y and X, and Y and Z in mechanical relationships.

A better example of a dialectic equation would be (A+AB/CB)(2AX/CY)/(C/4B)(A+BC/XY)=Z